Hrm 522 week 5 midterm exam part 2

HRM 522 WEEK 5 MIDTERM EXAM PART 2

 NOTE: TWO VERSIONS POSTED MAKING 50 QUESTIONS

VERSION 1

Question 1
 
________ responsibilities relate to a business’s contributions to stakeholders.
Answer
 
 Economic
 
 Legal
 
 Ethical
 
 Voluntary
 
 Social responsiveness

Question 2
 
Which of the following is not a benefit to businesses of engaging in voluntary responsibilities?
Answer
 
 Help create an ethical culture and values that can act as a buffer to organizational misconduct
 
 Reduce government involvement by providing assistance to stakeholders
 
 Develop employee leadership skills
 
 Improve employee compensation and retention
 
 Improve the quality of life in communities

Question 3
 
The primary objective of U.S. antitrust laws is to
Answer
 
 protect consumers from high prices and foreign products.
 
 protect domestic businesses.
 
 protect employees.
 
 promote strategies that enhance business welfare over consumer welfare.
 
 distinguish competitive strategies that enhance consumer welfare from those that reduce it.

Question 4
 
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Answer
 
 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
 
 penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct.
 
 is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
 
 discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct.
 
 prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender.

Question 5
 
Which of the following acts, passed in response to public outrage over conditions described in Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle, was the first consumer protection legislation?
Answer
 
 Civil Rights Act of 1964
 
 Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
 
 Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act of 1974
 
 Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972
 
 Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906

Question 6
 
Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws?
Answer
 
 Judicial law
 
 Common law
 
 Constitutional law
 
 Administrative law
 
 Statutory law

Question 7
 
________ tie(s) an organization’s product(s) directly to a social concern through a marketing program.
Answer
 
 Voluntary contributions
 
 Cause-related marketing
 
 Strategic philanthropy
 
 Corporate giving
 
 Employee benefits

Question 8
 
Cause related marketing can affect consumer ________, if consumers are sympathetic to the cause and the brand and cause are seen as a good fit.
Answer
 
 individual ethics
 
 tastes
 
 perceptions
 
 budgets
 
 buying patterns

Question 9
 
Companies take basic ________ and translate them into core ________.
Answer
 
 Customs, values
 
 Values, principles
 
 Cultures, principles
 
 Cultures, customs
 
 Principles, values

Question 10
 
Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace?
Answer
 
 Peers
 
 Managers
 
 Spouses
 
 Coworkers
 
 Subordinates

Question 11
 
Those who have influence in a work group are referred to as significant others and include
Answer
 
 peers, managers, coworkers, and subordinates.
 
 family members, peers, and coworkers.
 
 spouses and friends.
 
 employees in similar job situations.
 
 employees who hold the same job.

Question 12
 
Which of the following is not an issue that helps in business ethics evaluations and decisions?
Answer
 
 Ethical issue intensity
 
 Individual factors
 
 Organizational factors
 
 Personal guilt
 
 Opportunity

Question 13
 
Which of the following is not one of the six “spheres of influence” to which individuals are subject when confronted with an ethical issue?
Answer
 
 Educational attainment
 
 Workplace
 
 Family
 
 Legal system
 
 Community

Question 14
 
The ________ includes the motivational “carrots and sticks” superiors use to influence employee behavior.
Answer
 
 Obedience to authority
 
 Immediate job context
 
 Locus of control
 
 Normative approach
 
 Descriptive approach

Question 15
 
Normative business ethics takes into account the ________ realities outside the legal realm in the form of industry standards.
Answer
 
 Descriptive
 
 Political
 
 Social
 
 Economic
 
 Normative

Question 16
 
Following the ethical directives of a superior relates to
Answer
 
 an internal locus of control.
 
 obedience to authority.
 
 moral intensity.
 
 gender.
 
 ethical issue intensity

Question 17
 
When a person defines right and wrong on the basis of legal contracts, he or she is using which of Kohlberg’s stages of development?
Answer
 
 Punishment and obedience (1st stage)
 
 Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage)
 
 Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage)
 
 Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage)
 
 Universal ethical principles (6th stage)

Question 18
 
Which moral philosophy is based on the premise that equal respect must be given to all persons?
Answer
 
 The relativist perspective
 
 Deontology
 
 Egoism
 
 Teleology
 
 Utilitarianism
Question 19
 
An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg’s stages of development?
Answer
 
 Universal ethical principles (6th stage)
 
 Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage)
 
 Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage)
 
 Punishment and obedience (1st stage)
 
 Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage)

Question 20
 
Which is the last of Kohlberg’s stages of cognitive moral development?
Answer
 
 Individual instrumental purpose and exchange
 
 Need achievement
 
 Social system and conscience maintenance
 
 Punishment and obedience
 
 Universal ethical principles

Question 21
 
________ justice is based on the evaluation of outcomes or results of the business relationship.
Answer
 
 Procedural
 
 Interactional
 
 Distributive
 
 Ethical
 
 Egotistical

Question 22
 
________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results.
Answer
 
 Disruptive
 
 Procedural
 
 Interactional
 
 Communications
 
 Evaluative

Question 23
 
A central problem with relativism is
Answer
 
 that it emphasizes people’s differences, not similarities.
 
 that few people believe that these principles are important.
 
 that they are very complicated.
 
 that they represent unattainable goals.
 
 that many feel that virtue ethics only works in theory.

Question 24
 
________ deals with the issue of what individuals feel they are due based on their rights and performance in the workplace, and therefore is more likely to be based on deontological moral philosophies than on teleological or utilitarian ones.
Answer
 
 Rights
 
 Virtue ethics
 
 Justice
 
 Relativism
 
 Egoism

Question 25
 
Enlightened egoism
Answer
 
 is when an individual puts spiritual feelings above all others.
 
 centers completely on the short-term well-being of others.
 
 centers on one’s short-term self-interest.
 
 centers on one’s long¬term self¬interest but takes others’ well¬being into account.
 
 centers on the long-term well-being of others

VERSION 2
1. The ________ was called “a sweeping overhaul of the financial regulatory system…on a scale not seen since the reforms that followed the Great Depression.”
2. ________ law not only prohibits specific actions in business such as fraud, theft, or securities trading violations, but also imposes fines or imprisonment as punishment for breaking the law.
3. ________ is the synergistic and mutually beneficial use of an organization’s core competencies and resources to deal with key stakeholders so as to bring about organizational and societal benefits.
4. The ________ of ethics involves embedding values, norms, and artifacts in organizations, industries, and society.
5. The ________ regulates tobacco, dietary supplements, vaccines, veterinary drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, products that give off radiation, and biological products.
6. Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws?
7. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
8. Companies that ________ will most likely be found in violation of procompetitive legislation.
9. The ________can be defined as a set of values, norms, and artifacts, including ways of solving problems shared by members of an organization.
10. Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace?
11. ______ have been found to decrease unethical practices and increase positive work behavior.
12. For people who begin the value shift that leads to unethical decisions, which of the following is not a usual justification to reduce and eliminate guilt?
13. Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision making process?
14. The ________ includes the motivational “carrots and sticks” superiors use to influence employee behavior.
15. Employees that see themselves as going with the flow because that’s all they can do have a(n)
16. ________ is the ability to perceive whether a situation or decision has an ethical dimension.
17. ________ have lower ethical issue sensitivity, meaning they are less likely to detect ethical issues. They may be more committed to completing projects and more dedicated to group values and objectives.
18. Enlightened egoism
19. ________ believe that no one thing is intrinsically good.
20. An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg’s stages of development?
21. Which moral philosophy evaluates the morality of an action on the basis of its conformity to general moral principles and respect for individual rights?
22. Which is the last of Kohlberg’s stages of cognitive moral development?
23. An individual who believes that an action is ethical because others within his or her company and industry regularly engage in the activity is probably a(n)
24. ________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results.
25. According to Kohlberg’s model, as a person progresses through the stages of moral development, and with time, education, and experience, he/she

 

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