## , explain how this would affect General Motors demand for labor and capital, and the level of cars produced.

Derived demand for capital and labor: Cost minimization General Motors produces cars by using labor and capital. The production function for cars can be expressed as: Q = 10K0.4L0.6 General Motors can rent its equipment and hire workers at competitive rates. Equipment needed for this operation can be rented at \$30 per hour, and labor can be hired at \$8 per worker hour. General Motors has allocated \$100,000 for the initial run of car production. Where Q represents number of cars produced, K denotes capital input (units per hour), and L denotes labor input (units of worker time per hour). The marginal products of labor and capital are as follows: MPL = (0.6)(10)K0.4L-0.4 MPK = (0.4)(10)K-0.6L0.6 a. Using cost minimization determine the appropriate input mix (L, K, values in the long run) to get the greatest output for an expense of \$100,000 for a production run of cars. Also, compute the level of output. b. Suppose that the government imposes a \$1 tax per hour worked. All else equal, explain how this would affect General Motors demand for labor and capital, and the level of cars produced.