Essay about sapphire materials
Write a 8 pages essay about the following outline-
Title: Sapphire Materials
Abstract: Sapphire Materials are single-crystal components of aluminum oxide that are largely commercialized as ceramic materials, following their characteristic hardness and optical properties.
A. The single aluminum oxide crystals of sapphire can be grown or manufactured by two processes. They are the deposition and the melting processes. However, sapphire made from melting is more common than sapphire made from deposition.
A. The sapphire crystals that are made from either deposition or melting are normally combined with other elements in order to enhance their physical and chemical characteristics. This is a process commonly known as doping. The resulting elements are known as sapphire dopants.
i. Titanium-doped sapphire
a. After heating, this material shows sufficient concentration.
ii. Chromium and titanium dopants
a. They are commonly used for lasers and lasing rods
III. Material properties
A. The single-crystal nature of sapphire makes it anisotropic.
B. Sapphire materials are transparent
C. Sapphire materials are hard in nature and posses high rates of thermal conductivity.
i. A seed crystal is immersed into a melt, and then removed slowly to form a single-crystal ingot or boule.
i. This process involves alumina powder that is deposited into a hydroxen flame.
A. The uses of sapphire may include; optical windows, laser optics, lasing rods, lenses, micro-optics, reflectors, dummy wafers, silicon-on-sapphire (SOS) substrates, fixtures for high-temperature or high-pressure equipment, carrier plates or substrates for blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes, high speed integrated circuit (IC) chip substrates, microwave plasma tubes, flash lamp tubes, infrared (IR) detectors, and fiber optic lenses.
B. The hardness property of sapphire makes it applicable for jewelry and in wear parts.
 MolTech GmbH Molecular Technology – Sapphire
 Moulton, Peter. “Ti-doped sapphire: tunable solid-state laser.” Optics News8.6 (1982): 9-9.
 Saint-Gobain Crystals – Sapphire Components
 Schmid, Frederick, and Dennis J. Viechnicki. Growth of sapphire disks from the melt by a gradient furnace technique. No. AMMRC-TR-70-11. ARMY MATERIALS AND MECHANICS RESEARCH CENTER WATERTOWN MA, 1970.
We value our customers, and so ensure that our papers are 100 percent original. Our Team of professionals does not miss the mark; they ensure that step by step each paper is written uniquely. We never duplicate or work as we compare papers rest assured. We deliver our work a day before time to ensure that you don’t miss your deadlines. It is not only doing the work but delivering it at the right time. We capture the consequences of late remittances. .
We value customer satisfaction here at popularessaywriters.com and make sure that you get the best value for your Money. It happens that sometimes you can pay twice for your order or may want to cancel it, or you feel that it doesn’t meet your requirements; our money back guarantee will give you the opportunity to get back your money. We will also refund 100% of money paid double. In case your paper does not satisfy your requirements , we request that you notify us via writing within 2 days otherwise on the third day we will assume that you have been satisfied. Do all your correspondences through our email address email@example.com.Read more
At popularessaywriters.com, our professional writers know the consequence plagiarism does for our clients. We have updated software’s such as article checker and copyscape to check for originality of the custom papers before submission of the final paper to the you. Our guarantee to the customer is that we will write 100% original papers for them that are quality, timely and of low cost. We have experienced professional and competent PhD writers who will write quality custom papers for you..Read more
. At popularessaywriters.com, we are proud to provide top-quality Essay writing service to our esteemed customers. We are ready to take up that challenging academic assignment that is giving you sleepless nights and simplify it for you according to your desired requirements. We are willing to revise your paper if it does not meet your requirements. At popularessaywriters.com, we do not compromise with quality; thus, we offer unlimited free revisions until the customer is satisfied with their custom paper. Our unlimited free revision services are provided under the following terms:.. .Read more
Popularessawriters.com knows that client’s information is an essential tool for our company. It means that whatever the client requests from our service is kept strictly confidential. It means that whoever writes for this company understands the terms and conditions hence you should not be worried because you will never see your work somewhere else...Read more
Rest assured that we will always be attentive to your needs and requirements. We belief in the phrase treat your neighbour as you would want them to treat you. We leave nothing to chance and always look forward to a good interaction with each other.. .Read more