Bio160 intro to human anatomy and physiology lesson 2 quiz

Introduction

BIO160
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Lesson 2 Quiz

 

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Each question is 3 points each for a total of 75 points.

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1  of 25

Which of the following would not represent the study of physiology?

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Measuring the respiratory rate of a person after a mile sprint.

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Calculating the daily caloric intake of an athlete

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Dissecting the kidney to observe the interior.

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Determining the fasting blood sugar level of a patient.

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Analyzing the EKG of a patient.

2  of 25

Which of the following describes an organ?

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Molecules organized into a living unit

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One or more cells with a specific function

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At least two cell types organized for a specific function

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One tissue type organized for a specific function

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Two or more tissue types organized for a specific function

3  of 25

What organ system has the function of protecting and supporting body organs?

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Muscular

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Nervous

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Skeletal

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Integumentary

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Endocrine

4  of 25

What is the correct anatomical term for the neck area of the human body?

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Cervical

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Patellar

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Axillary

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Coxal

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Lumbar

5  of 25

Place the following in correct sequence from the simplest to most complex:1.molecules2.atoms3.tissues4.cells 5.organs

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1-2-3-4-5

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2-1-4-3-5

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2-1-3-4-5

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1-2-4-3-5

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1-2-4-5-3

6  of 25

What organ is considered part of the digestive system because it is responsible for the breakdown of some food types?

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Liver

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Kidney

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Ovaries

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Pituitary gland

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Spleen

7  of 25

Which of the following is a correct statement about homeostasis?

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The effector sends the stimulus to the control center

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The receptor is enhanced by the control center

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The response causes disease

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The receptor sends the stimulus to the control center

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The control center sends the message to the receptor

8  of 25

What is the process of removal of wastes from the body?

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Digestion

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Excretion

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Metabolism

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Responsiveness

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Inflammation

9  of 25

The human body responds to a lack of supply of oxygen by rapidly producing red blood cells. What is this is an example of?

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Negative feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis

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Positive feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis

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A homeostatic imbalance that will result in disease.

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A response independent of homeostasis

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Negative homeostasis that increases the oxygen supply

10  of 25

What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections?

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Sagittal

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Frontal

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Sectional

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Transverse

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Lateral

11  of 25

In anatomical position, the great toe is located on what side of the foot?

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Lateral

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Medial

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Proximal

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Superior

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Distal

12  of 25

A scientific experiment was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a new compound in reducing a high fever. Fifty patients received sugar pills instead of the new compound, and 50 patients were given the new compound. Which of the following statements is true?

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The 50 patients receiving the sugar pills are called the experimental group

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The 50 patients receiving the new compound are called the experimental group

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The independent variable is the temperature

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The measured results would be the amount of compound given

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The control group is the patients receiving the new compound

13  of 25

Which of the following is a correct statement about cells of the human body?

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They do not need oxygen.

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They do not reproduce.

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They are identical in shape and size.

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They specialize in function.

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They contain cell walls.

14  of 25

Cells that are involved in activities requiring excessive energy will have an abundance of what organelle?

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Endoplasmic reticulum

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Chromatin

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Golgi apparatus

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Mitochondria

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Centrioles

15  of 25

What is the formation of a small pocket around a liquid substance by the plasma membrane?

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Pinocytosis

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Phagocytosis

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Passive transport

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Osmosis

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Filtration

16  of 25

What are the cellular extensions that move substances along the cell surface called?

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Flagella

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Microvilla

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Cilia

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Microtubules

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Cytoskeleton

17  of 25

Mitosis results in the formation of which of the following?

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Proteins necessary for survival

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Two daughter nuclei that have the same DNA as the mother nucleus

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Stored energy necessary for cellular functions

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Four daughter cells with half the DNA of the mother nucleus.

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Four centrioles

18  of 25

Which of the following is a function of a plasma membrane protein?

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Circulating antibody

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Molecular transport through the membrane

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To form a lipid bilayer

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Oxygen transport

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Chromatin storage

19  of 25

What are the four major tissue types?

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Connective, cartilage, muscle and bone

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Bone, muscle, epithelia, nervous

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Bone, muscle, connective, epithelia

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Epithelia, muscle, nervous, connective

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Epithelia, muscle, blood, nervous

20  of 25

Which of the following describes epithelial tissue?

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It is highly vascular.

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It has a basement membrane.

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It is usually acellular.

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It contains a number of neuron types.

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It does not regenerate.

21  of 25

Which of the following describes DNA synthesis?

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Nucleotides separate into three different codons.

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DNA uncoils and separates into 2 nucleotide chains.

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DNA clumps and forms a double helix.

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DNA replicates during metaphase.

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DNA leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores.

22  of 25

The shape of the external ear is maintained by what tissue?

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Adipose tissue

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Elastic cartilage

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Hyaline cartilage

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Stratified squamous tissue

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Smooth muscle

23  of 25

Thyroid glands secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts. What is this kind of gland called?

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Exocrine

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Endocrine

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Sebaceous

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Ceruminous

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Mammary

24  of 25

What is the first step in tissue repair?

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Replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells

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Proliferation of fibrous connective tissue

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Inflammation

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Formation of scar tissue

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Repair of blood vessels

25  of 25

What is scar tissue?

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Weakly woven reticular fibers

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Dense connective tissue

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Granulation tissue

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Regenerated epithelial tissue

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A tangle of damaged nerve fibers

 

 

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