Keywords: Authenticity, Decorative Element


  • Introduction
  • Background of Studies
    • Authenticity issues on Heritage and Conservation Area
    • Decorative ElementsIn Malay Traditional Architecture
    • Significant of Studies

1.3Problem Statement

  • Research Gap
  • Research Questions
  • Research Objectives
  • Outline of Thesis Chapter
  • Constrain And Limitation
  • Research Methodology




2.1       Introduction


2.2       Terms and Definitions on Authenticity


2.3       History Background of Authenticity and Charters in General

3.3.1    USA Parks Service

2.3.1    UNESCO, 1945

2.3.2    ICOMOS, 1964


2.4       Parameter of Authenticity in General
2.4.1    Forms andDesign

2.4.2    Materialand Substance

2.4.3    Workmanship

2.4.4    Setting


2.5       Summary and Discussion

                        3.1       Introduction


3.2       Malay Traditional Architecture
3.2.1    The Palace

3.2.2    The Mosque

3.2.3    The House

3.2.4    The Wakaf


3.3       The Roof form of Malay Traditional  Architecture

3.3.1    Roof with Single Ridge BumbungPanjang

                                    3.3.2    Roof with Five Ridge BumbungPerabung Lima

                                    3.3.3    Roof with Four Ridge/Pyramidal TypeBumbungMeru

3.3.4    Roof with Dutch Type / Perak Style BumbungPotongBelanda/Potong Perak
3.4       Typology of RoofDecorative Elementsof East Coast Style Architecture

3.4.1Roof  Decorative Element Barge Board Pemeleh Sisek Naga

                                       Finial BuahButong, TunjukLangit


                                       Eave EkorItik/SuloBayung

                                       Facia Board Ande-Ande



3.5       The Roof Decorative Element and its Authenticity

3.5.1    The Design

3.5.2    The Material

3.5.3    The Workmanship

3.5.4    The Setting


3.6       Summary and Discussion



4.1       Introduction


4.2      Data Collected

4.2.1    Literature Review

4.2.2    Measured Drawing

4.2.3    Photo

4.2.4    Case Study(Primary Data)


4.3       Detail of Research

4.3.1    The Determination of East Coast Style

4.3.2    The Selected of Traditional Malay Architecture

4.3.3    Character of Building Selected Observations ontheSelected Building Based on History and Family Background Based on Building Characteristic Location


4.4       Development of Checklist

4.4.1    Develop a Table from Literature Review

4.4.2    Fieldwork I (To Confirm The Existence of Selected Building)

4.4.3    Develop a Checklist

4.4.4    Fieldwork II (To Collect Data)


4.5       Method of Analysis

4.5.1    Using the Parameter of Authenticity


4.6       Problems andLimitation onResearch Method

4.6.1    The Building

4.6.2    The Owner

4.6.3    The Location

4.6.4    The Equipment


4.7       Summary


CHAPTER 5:                        THE DATA COLLECTION


5.1       Introduction


5.2       List of Selected Buildingfor RoofDecorative Element in East Coast Style


5.2.1    Overall Buildings Selected

5.2.2   Roof Decorative Element From Case Study

5.2.3   Decorative Elements from East Coast Style Pemeleh Sisik Naga BuahButong/TunjukLangit EkorItik/ SuloBayung Ande-Ande KepalaCicak TiangGantung

                                       TebarLayar(Additional Element) KunciTebarLayar (Additional Element)



5.3       Summary





CHAPTER 6:                        THE DATA ANALYSIS


6.1       Introduction


6.2       Analysis of RoofDecorative Elementin East Coast StyleFollowed By Authenticity Parameter


6.2.1    Pemeleh

6.2.2    Sisik Naga

6.2.3    BuahButong/TunjukLangit

6.2.4    EkorItik/ SuloBayung

6.2.5    Ande-Ande

6.2.6    KepalaCicak

6.2.7    TiangGantung

                                    6.2.8    TebarLayar(Additional Element)

                                    6.2.9    KunciTebarLayar (Additional Element)


6.3       The Authenticity of Decorative Element Based of Parameter


6.3.1    Pemeleh

6.3.2    Sisik Naga

6.3.3    BuahButong/TunjukLangit

6.3.4    EkorItik/ SuloBayung

6.3.5    Ande-Ande

6.3.6    KepalaCicak

6.3.7    TiangGantung


6.4       Summaryand Discussion




7.1       Introduction


7.2       List of Decorative Element Discussion

7.2.1    Decorative Element of Gable EndBumbungPanjangPemeleh

7.2.2    BumbungLimas/PotongBelanda/Potong PerakSisek Naga

7.2.3    Gable End BumbungPanjang andbumbungPotongBelanda -Barge Board/TebarLayar

7.2.4    BumbungPotongBelanda/Potong Perak – Finial – BuahButon

7.2.5    BumbungPotongBelanda/Potong Perak and Perabung Lima-Roof Eave/EkorItik

7.2.6    BumbungPotongBelanda and BumbungLimas-Fascia Board/Ande-Ande

7.2.7    BumbungPotongBelandaKepalaCicak


7.3       Authentic form of DE Traditional Malay Architecture
7.4       Decorative Elements with new building materials


7.5       Decorative Element as Conceptual


7.3       Summary andDiscussion







8.0       Introduction


8.1       Authenticity criteria Decorative Element of East Coast Style Part of Malay Identity


8.2       Attributes to the Malay Order


8.3       The Contribution to Traditional Malay Architecture


8.4       Recommendation for Future Research


8.5       Summaryand Discussion








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